The population of Assam is 2,66,55,528 according to 2001 census and is scattered over 27 district and 26247 villages. Assam is divided into three regions, each headed by a commissioner. Under each commissioner, there are several administrative units called Districts. The State has the highest population density among NE states, of 339 persons per sq. km. As against decadal growth rate of 21.54% at the national level, the population of the State has grown by 18.92% over the period 1991-2001. The sex ratio of Assam at 935 females to 1000 males is higher than the national average of 933. Female literacy of the State rose to 56.03% from 43.03% in 1991. There are so many major tribes and a number of sub-tribes inhabiting the area.

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