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Health indicators of Assam

 

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 2.9. The Infant Mortality Rate is 68 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 490 (SRS 2001 -03) which are higher than the National average. The Sex Ratio in the State is 935 (as compared to 933 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows:

The exp. growth rate of Assam is 1.73. Among the total population 2,32,16,288 people live in rural areas (87%) and only 13% of the population resides in urban areas. The area of the state is 78438 sq K.M. It is divided into 23 districts and 219 blocks. The female literacy rate is 56.03%. The languages in the state are Assamese, Bengali, Hindi and English. There are also numerous tribal language of the different tribes of Assam which are limited only to their respective tribes.

Table I: Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Assam State as compared to India figures

S. No.

Item

Assam

India

1

Total population (Census 2001) (in million)

26.66

1028.61

2

Decadal Growth (Census 2001) (%)

18.92

21.54

3

Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2005)

25

23.8

4

Crude Death Rate (SRS 2005)

8.7

7.6

5

Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2004)

2.9

2.9

6

Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2005)

68

58

7

Maternal Mortality Ratio (SRS 2001-2003)

490

301

8

Sex Ratio (Census 2001)

935

933

9

Population below Poverty line (%)

36.09

26.10

10

Schedule Caste population (in million)

1.83

166.64

11

Schedule Tribe population (in million)

3.31

84.33

12

Female Literacy Rate (Census 2001) (%)

56.03

54.28

Table II: health Infrastructure of Assam

Item

Required

In Position

Shortfall

Sub-centre

5063

5109

0

Primary Health Centre

826

610

216

Community Health Centre

206

100

106

Mulitipurpose Worker(Female)/ANM

5719

5719

0

Health Worker (Male)/MPW(M)

5109

-

-

Health Assistants(Female)/LHV

610

-

-

Health Assistants(Male)

610

-

-

Doctor at PHCs

610

-

-

Surgeons

100

-

-

Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

100

-

-

Physicians

100

-

-

Paediatricians

100

-

-

Total specialists at CHCs

400

-

-

Radiographers

100

-

-

Pharmacist

710

-

-

Laboratory Technicians

710

-

-

Nurse Midwife

1310

-

-

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2006, M/O health & F. W., GOI) 

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